Nowadays, the excessive consumption of ready-made foods, high-calorie and nutrient-poor snacks on the one hand, and not consuming enough fresh fruits and vegetables on the other hand, have led to conditions in the society where diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, Alzheimer’s Rheumatoid arthritis (joint pains), type 2 diabetes and cataracts are increasing day by day, and antioxidants play a significant role in preventing these diseases. So, it is not bad to know which fruits and substances have antioxidant properties and which substances increase the secretion of melatonin hormone in the body, so that by consuming them, we can take a step in improving and preventing the diseases mentioned above. Antioxidants include a series of nutrients, including vitamins. and mineral salts are in food. The main antioxidants in foods include beta-carotene (precursor of vitamin A), which is found in fresh and orange fruits, vitamin C, which is found in fruits, especially all kinds of vegetables, vitamin E, which is found in vegetable oils (such as olive oil, canola oil) and various types of nuts (such as walnuts and almonds) and minerals such as zinc and selenium, which are found in foods such as white meat (chicken, fish and seafood) and nuts. All of these antioxidants cause the destruction of free radicals and prevent the destruction of the vessel wall. Although all the foods mentioned above have antioxidant properties, some of them have a higher percentage of antioxidant compounds than others, which can be attributed to He mentioned fruits such as pomegranate, cherry, red grape, red berry, orange juice and vegetables such as tomato, onion, celery, garlic, broccoli and foods such as fish and shrimp and drinks such as green tea. The antioxidant property of pomegranate fruit and also The anti-tumor properties of its skin are among the benefits of this fruit, and the antioxidant property of the skin and the white parts inside this fruit is high. So, in preparing drinks and desserts containing pomegranate, try to use its white parts as well.
One of the hormones that play an antioxidant role in the body is melatonin. The hormone melatonin is secreted from the third eye or the pineal gland in the brain, which helps regulate sleep and wakefulness; As a strong antioxidant and free radical collector, this hormone has a protective role for nerve cells (neurons) and to some extent the presence of this hormone can be effective in improving nerve damage and preventing them. By consuming fruits such as cherries, cherries, and red grapes, the amount of melatonin hormone increases in the body, and the antioxidant power of melatonin hormone is greater than the antioxidant power of vitamins C, E, and A. Because this hormone is soluble in both the water phase and the fat phase, while vitamins E and A are fat soluble and vitamin C is water soluble, the increase and production of melatonin in the body increases the amount of antioxidants in the body and reduces the risk of developing Diseases occur.